Understanding /etc/mtab File Parameters in Linux System

In this article, we will explore the /etc/mtab file on a Linux system and understand the various parameters and directives included therein.

What is /etc/mtab File in Linux

The /etc/mtab file is a file that contains a list of currently mounted filesystems. Any mounted filesystem will appear here. In case you have a disk or volume that is not mounted, it will not show up in this file.

The /etc/mtab file is similar to that of the /etc/fstab file but differs slightly. Also, the latter is applied on boot time whilst the /etc/mtab file displays what is currently mounted.

The file is common in UNIX-like systems and is used by the mount and umount commands to mount and unmount volumes.

You can view the /etc/mtab file using the cat command as shown.

$ cat /etc/mtab

Or access it using your favorite text editor. In this example, we have opened the file using the vim text editor.

$ vim /etc/mtab
View /etc/mtab File
View /etc/mtab File

You can display the same information by viewing the /proc/mounts file as shown.

$ cat /proc/mounts
Show Mounted File Systems on Linux
Show Mounted File Systems on Linux

Understand /etc/mtab File

The /etc/mtab file comprises 6 columns which are separated by white space. The fourth option comprises a list of comma-separated mount options.

Let’s take an example of the following entry.

sysfs /sys sysfs rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime 0 0
  • The first column represents the mount device name – In this case sysfs.
  • The second column represents the mount point or where the device is mounted. Here, /sys is the mount point for the sysfs device.
  • The third column shows the file system of the device. In this case, sysfs.
  • The fourth column displays the mount options, which in most cases are separated by commas. These options indicate the directives for mounting the partition. Here, the mount options are rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime.
  • The fifth and sixth columns are the dump and fsck options respectively.

The dump command uses the dump option to back up a filesystem. This value is redundant and does not hold any meaning in the /etc/mtab file. The option is always 0 and is only included as a formality to make the mtab file congruent with the /etc/fstab file.

The fsck command leverages the last option to probe the filesystem for errors. And just like the dump option, the value is always 0 and holds no meaning. It’s present only for formality’s sake.


In this guide, we have looked at the /etc/mtab file and its purpose. We have further seen the various columns and options present in every line or entry.

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